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Nutrition and healthy eating

Being overweight can seriously affect a person's health

Why is it important?

Being overweight can seriously affect a person's health and may result in the following conditions and diseases:

  • Type 2 diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cancers
  • Osteoarthritis, gallstones, pregnancy complications sleeping problems and changes in liver function
  • Decreased life expectancy.

What is a healthy size?

In general healthy waist measurements for an average adult are as follows:

  • Male: Less than 37 inches (94 cm). 
    Even at a healthy weight (BMI 18.5 - 25 kg/m2) a waist circumference of 40 inches (102 cm) or more indicates an increased risk.
  • Female: Less than 32 inches (80 cm). 
    Even at a healthy weight (BMI 18.5 - 25 kg/m2) a waist circumference of 35 inches (88 cm) or more indicates an increased risk.

What can you do?

  • Eat a balanced diet.
  • Eat at least five portions of fruit and vegetables a day.
  • Check for fat and sugar content on food labels.
  • Choose lean cuts of meat, trim off the fat.
  • Boil, steam, grill or poach rather than fry and roast.
  • Stick to three meals at the same time each day.
  • Choose low sugar food and drink.
  • Cut down on alcohol.